Humanistic therapeutic approach
This approach was created in the USA in the mid 1950s. It was a reaction to the evolution towards a more scientific, distant and dehumanized psychology. In order to adapt to new values, the humanistic approach wanted to put the person, the human, at the center of psychology.
This method puts the emphasis on human dignity and every person’s rights:
the right to be respected: physical, affective, cognitive, social and spiritual respect;
the right to value their own body and sensations, to fulfill their essential vital needs and express their emotions;
the right to build their own wholeness, respecting each person’s uniqueness (right to be different);
the right to be happy and achieve their full potential, follow their own individual, social and spiritual values.
This psychotherapy centered on the person focuses on the confused feelings of the client and helps clarify them. The person can then strengthen their self and find their own path through life.
This method aims at creating harmony in the person as a whole and adjusting them to their environment.
Cognitive psychology studies the main psychologic functions such as memory, language, intelligence, perception and attention.
Cognition also regroups all mental activities and processes related to knowledge.
Cognitive psychology is based on the idea that mental representations, structures and processes can be deduced from studying a person’s behavior.
Art therapy has been developed in Quebec since the 1980s.
This approach uses some visual arts principles and offers a creative, playful and visual experience which is a non-verbal and symbolic self-expression.
It happens in a therapeutic relationship where creating images is used as the main communication mean. The artistic activity channels conscious and unconscious expression while being therapeutic in itself.
Using various artistic processes (drawing, collage, painting, sculpture, etc.) the person lives and expresses emotions, conflicts, memories. During a session, the person can explore their own symbols and the meaning of their images through discussing them with the therapist.